#Sharat Chandra: a legend#

Truly, the city of joy, Kolkata is home to some of the most influential personalities in India.

Friends, we looked at some of the most notable Nobel laureates from Calcutta in the previous blog.

Apart from these Nobel laureates, Calcutta has also produced several other notable intellectuals and thinkers.  Sri Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay the legendary writer is one of them.

He was born and raised in Calcutta and is considered one of the greatest Bengali writers of all time.

Let us have a look at his journey in life.

Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay was a Bengali novelist and writer who is regarded as one of the greatest novelists of Indian literature. Born on September 15, 1876, in a small village called Debanandapur in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, India.

Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay had a humble upbringing. Despite facing numerous obstacles in life, he went on to become one of the most celebrated writers of his time.

. The writings of Rabindranath Tagore and Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay had a deep impact on Sharat. At the age of about 18, he wrote a novel named “Basa” (House) but this work was not published.

House of Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Chattopadhyay was born into a poor Brahmin family and had a difficult childhood. Sharat Chandra had nine brothers and sisters His father died when he was only six months old, and he was raised by his mother and maternal uncles.
Sharat Chandra was a student of fine arts but due to financial constraints, he could not study it.

 In search of employment, Sarat Chandra went to Burma and worked as a clerk in the Public Works Department. After staying in Burma for some time and returning to Calcutta, he started writing seriously. 

After returning from Burma, he started writing his famous novel, Srikanta. In Burma, he came in contact with a man named Bangachandra who was a great scholar as well as a drunkard. This was probably the inspiration for his novel Charitrehen, which describes mess life with the story of his love for a mess maid. 

Once Sharat came to Calcutta from Burma, he left some of his compositions with a friend in Calcutta. One of them, “Badi Didi”, was serially published in 1907 without informing Sharat. As soon as two installments came out, a sensation spread among the people and they started saying that Rabindranath might be changing his name.

Sharat got the news of this after five and a half years. No matter what happened, the fame was done, yet there was a big problem in the publication of “characterless”. Bharatvarsha’s editor Kavivar Dwijendralal Rai refused to print it saying that it was against morality. His authentic life introduction by Vishnu Prabhakar titled Awara Messiah is very famous. 

He wrote extensively on social issues and was known for his ability to capture the complexities of human relationships in his writings.

Sharatchandra wrote many novels, including Pandit Moshay, Baikunther Bill, Mej Didi, Darpchurna, Shrikant, Arakshaniya, Nishkriti, Mamlar Phal, Grihadah, Shesh Prashn, Datta, Devdas, Bamhan ki Ladki, Vipradas,

His novels establish the relationship between men and women on a new base.

The novel “Pather Dawi” was written about the revolutionary movement of Bengal. First, it was serialized in “Bang Vani”, then printed in the form of a book, then the edition of three thousand was finished in three months. After this the British government confiscated it.

Sharat’s novels have been translated into many Indian languages. Her heroines are said to be more powerful than their male characters. 

Sharatchandra’s popularity is not due to his artistic creation and measured words or incidents full of life, but in his novels, the way women are seen flinching from traditional bonds, to establish the relationship between men and women on a new basis. The site has been presented, and that’s why Sharatchandra got popular.

His creations touch the heart. But despite having all the elements of heart in Sharat literature, there is less light on the struggle, exploitation, etc. of the society. The picture of society comes to the fore in the parish society. In some stories of Mahesh etc., the question of exploitation emerges. Along with novels, Sharat Chandra also wrote plays, fiction, and essays. He breathed his last on 16 January 1938.

Hindi films have also been made in many novels by Sharatchandra. His novel Charitraheen was adapted into a 1974 film by the same name. 

After that the film Devdas has been made three times with the same name, taking Devdas as the base.

Kundan Lal Sehgal acted in the first film Devdas. The second film had the most famous adaptation of “Devdas” is the 1955 Hindi film directed by Bimal Roy, starring Dilip Kumar, Suchitra Sen, and Vyjayanthimala. The film won several awards and was even nominated for the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

Devdas and Paro, a love story

Shah Rukh Khan, Madhuri Dixit, and Aishwarya Rai acted in the third film Devdas. The novel tells the story of a young man named Devdas who falls in love with a woman named Paro but is unable to marry her due to societal pressures. Devdas turns to alcohol to cope with his despair and eventually dies from his addiction.

Devdas was published in 1917 and was an immediate success. It was hailed as a masterpiece of Indian literature and established Chattopadhyay as a major literary figure. The novel was translated into several languages and has been adapted into various forms of media, including films, plays, and operas.

Chattopadhyay’s other notable works include Parineeta, which has been adapted into several films, including the 2019 version starring Vidya Balan, and Biraj Bou, which was made into a film in 1971. His works were known for their realistic portrayals of Indian society and their exploration of the complexities of human relationships.

Realistic portrayals of Indian society

 Apart from this, the film Parineeta was made in 1953 and 2005. In 1969, films were also made on Badi Didi and Manjhali Behan, etc. 

Chattopadhyay’s works were widely read and praised for their realistic portrayal of Indian society. His writing was characterized by its simplicity, directness, and emotional depth, and his stories were often marked by their poignant and tragic endings.

Chattopadhyay’s works continue to be widely read and studied today and have had a significant impact on Indian literature and culture. His writing has inspired generations of writers and artists, and his legacy continues to live on through his works.

Lastly, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay was a prolific writer and a major figure in Indian literature. Despite facing many obstacles in life, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay continued to write and create works that touched the hearts of millions.

Literature has the power to bring about social change

His writing was a reflection of his own struggles and experiences, and his characters were drawn from the people he had encountered in his own life.

He believed in the power of literature to bring about social change and often used his writing to highlight the injustices faced by the marginalized sections of society.

Please click below the link for the previous Blog….


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Categories: infotainment

12 replies

  1. Nice composition for Great person of India.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. He is one of my favourite Bengali writers. A nice post on him.

    Liked by 1 person

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