#Renu: Legend of Indian Literature#


Today is the Birthday of Phanishwar Nath Renu. I remember this occasion for their valuable contribution to Hindi literature.

Phanishwar Nath Renu was a renowned Hindi writer who was born on March 4, 1921, in Aurahi Hingna, Bihar. After completing his matriculation, he went to BHU for further studies, but in 1942.

Joined the Indian Independence Movement

He joined the Indian Independence Movement on the call of Mahatma Gandhi. Being a revolutionary by nature, Renu returned the ₹300 pensions received from the Bihar government after the imposition of Emergency in the country. He wrote prolifically in various genres like short stories, novels, portraits, memoirs, reportage, etc.

His major works include Maila Anchal, Pariwar, Ek Admi Ki Kahani, Parti Parikatha, Lal Pahad ki Dhani, and Mohan Das.

Renu’s writings brought a new identity to Hindi literature and represented the rural culture with ease. He was a writer who was deeply connected to his land and society. His works are known for their rawness, authenticity, and simplicity.

A spectrum of various shades

His writing was not just limited to the land, but also touched upon the issues and problems faced by the people of that world. Hence, Renu’s literary world is not just a single color, but a spectrum of various shades, reflecting the multifaceted reality of life. Phanishwar Nath Renu passed away on April 11, 1977, in Patna.

Renu’s literary career began in the 1940s when he started working as a journalist for several Hindi newspapers. He soon gained recognition for his writing, and his first novel “Makan” was published in 1948. The novel was a landmark in Indian literature and received widespread critical acclaim for its portrayal of rural life in India.

Explored the lives of ordinary people in rural India

In addition to his novel, Renu wrote several other works that explored the lives of ordinary people in rural India, including “Jhutha Sach” and “Maila Anchal”.

Through his writing, Renu shed light on the complexities of rural life and the struggles of ordinary people, and his works have been seen as a powerful reflection of the social, economic, and political issues that plagued rural India in the mid-twentieth century.

Renu’s contributions to Indian literature and society were widely recognized, and he received numerous awards and honors throughout his career. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1974, one of India’s highest civilian honors, and was also a recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1975.

Phanishwar Nath Renu’s legacy lives on, and his works continue to inspire and influence generations of writers and readers. He is remembered as a literary giant, who through his writing gave voice to the struggles and aspirations of ordinary people in rural India. His works remain a testament to his literary genius and his unwavering commitment to social justice.

Mare Gaye Gulfam’

On the occasion of his birth anniversary, I would like to share some facts about his story ‘Mare Gaye Gulfam’ which created a widely acclaimed.

The movie “Teesri Kasam” is based on the story “Maare Gaye Gulfaam,” which was written by him. The film was released in 1966 and is considered a classic of Indian cinema. It was directed by Basu Bhattacharya and starred Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman in the lead roles.

The story of “Maare Gaye Gulfaam” is set in rural Bihar and revolves around the life of a bullock cart driver named Heera. Heera, played by Raj Kapoor in the movie, is a simple man who lives a contented life, earning his living by transporting goods from one place to another with his pair of oxen. He is a talented driver and is respected by the people of his village.

One day, while driving his cart, Heera meets a beautiful young woman named Rajnandini, played by Waheeda Rehman. She is a nautch girl who performs in nearby villages and towns. Heera is immediately smitten by her and starts following her around, despite her initial resistance. Eventually, Rajnandini agrees to travel with Heera on his cart, and the two develop a close bond.

The love story of Heera and Rajnandini

As the story progresses, Heera and Rajnandini face several challenges, including social ostracism and financial difficulties. Heera’s reputation is tarnished due to his association with a nautch girl, and he faces criticism and ridicule from his fellow villagers. Rajnandini, on the other hand, struggles to make a living as a performer and faces harassment and exploitation from her clients.

Despite these challenges, Heera and Rajnandini’s love for each other remain strong. They pledge to stay together and build a life of their own, away from the constraints of society. However, fate has other plans, and their love story takes a tragic turn.

The movie “Teesri Kasam” beautifully captures the essence of the original story and portrays the rustic charm of rural Bihar. The film is known for its soulful music, composed by Shankar Jaikishan, and its poignant lyrics, written by Shailendra. The song “Sajan Re Jhoot Mat Bolo” is particularly famous and has become a timeless classic.

The film’s director, Basu Bhattacharya, is known for his realistic and sensitive portrayal of human relationships. He brings out the emotional depth of the characters and captures the nuances of their interactions. The performances by Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman are outstanding and are considered some of their best work.

On this day, we remember the valuable literary contributions of Fanishwar Nath Renu. As a writer, he put Bihar on the global literary map. We also recall his participation in India’s national freedom struggle and the JP movement.

Let us pay tribute to him on this occasion.

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Categories: infotainment

14 replies

  1. Thank you so much for introducing such a gem to us. It’s a shame for me that I was unaware of such a great writer from Bihar being a Bihari myself. I’m intrigued by the description of ‘maare gaye gulfaam’ and would definitely read more of his literary works in future!!

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Really interesting post. I didn’t know who Phanishwar Nath Renu was before this but this has really helped me learn more about him.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Thank you so much for introducing such a great writer to me. I didn’t know him 🙏

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Sir aise hi posts ki need he
    Aj k yuva, isse sikhenge

    Liked by 1 person

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