Today is Rabindra Jayanti, which is a cultural celebration to mark the birth anniversary of the luminary, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Rabindranath Tagore on his birth anniversary.
Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti falls on the 25th day of the Bengali month of Boishakh. Tagore was born on the day in the year 1861.
Tagore was also referred to as ‘Gurudev’, ‘Kabiguru’, and ‘Biswakabi’.
– Rabindra nath Tagore (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) was a Bengali polymath who worked as a poet, writer, playwright, composer, philosopher, social reformer, and painter.
– He reshaped Bengali literature and music as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
– He was Author of the “profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful” poetry of Gitanjali.
– He became the first non-European and the first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1913..
– Government of India Issued 5 Rupees coin in 2011 to mark the 150 Birth Anniversary in the honor of Rabindranath Tagore.
– Rabindranath Tagore’s novels, stories, songs and dramas were acclaimed as well as criticised for their lyricism and colloquialism.
– Tagore’s poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his “elegant prose and magical poetry” remain largely unknown outside of Bengal. He was a fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society.
– Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism.
– His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems — India’s Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh’s Amar Shonar Bangla. The Sri Lankan national anthem was also inspired by his work.
_ He was a Bengali Brahmin from Calcutta with ancestral roots in Burdwan district of West Bengal. Tagore wrote poetry when he was eight-year-old.
– At the age of sixteen, he released his first substantial poems under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha (“Sun Lion”), which were seized upon by literary authorities as long-lost classics.
– By 1877, he graduated to his first short stories and dramas, published under his real name.
– As a humanist, universalist, internationalist, and ardent anti-nationalist, he denounced the British Raj and advocated independence from Britain.
– As an exponent of the Bengal Renaissance, he advanced a vast canon that comprised paintings, sketches and doodles, hundreds of texts, and some two thousand songs; his legacy also established Visva-Bharati University..
– Tagore modernized Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms and resisting linguistic strictures. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to topics political and personal.
– The youngest of 13 surviving children, Tagore (nicknamed “Rabi”) was born on 7 May 1861 in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta, He was the son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) and Sarada Devi (1830–1875).
– Tagore was raised mostly by servants; his mother had died in his early childhood and his father use to travelled widely.
– Tagore’s father invited several professional Dhrupad musicians to stay in the house and teach Indian classical music to the children.
– Tagore’s oldest brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet. Another brother, Satyendranath, was the first Indian appointed to the elite and formerly all-European Indian Civil Service. Yet another brother, Jyotirindranath, was a musician, composer, and playwright. His sister Swarnakumari became a novelist.
– Jyotirindranath’s wife Kadambari Devi, slightly older than Tagore, was a dear friend and powerful influence. Her abrupt suicide in 1884, soon after he married, left him profoundly distraught for years.
– Tagore largely avoided classroom schooling and preferred to roam the manor or nearby Bolpur and Panihati, which the family visited.
– His brother Hemendranath tutored him physically fitness and conditioned him—by having him swim the Ganges, trek through hills, by doing gymnastics, and by practising judo and wrestling.
– He learned drawing, anatomy, geography and history, literature, mathematics, Sanskrit, and English—which was his least favourite subject.
– In 1901 Tagore moved to Santiniketan and established an ashram with is equiped with a marble-floored prayer hall—The Mandir—an experimental school, groves of trees, gardens, a library.
There, his wife and two of his children died. His father died in 1905.
– He gained Bengali and foreign readers alike in his literature. He published Naivedya (1901) and Kheya (1906) and translated poems into free verse.
Every year, we pay tribute to Tagore through many events such as Kabipranam. On this day , we celebrate his birth anniversary across the globe. the annual Tagore Festival held in Urbana, Illinois (USA); Rabindra Path Parikrama (walking pilgrimages) from Kolkata to Santiniketan; and recitals of his poetry, which are held as an important event.
We pay homage on this occasion. May the great poet’s teachings, songs, poems, his creative corpus continue to guide us.
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